Redox Reaction

Redox Basics

A redox reaction is a reaction where both oxidation and reduction processes occur simultaneously.

Oxidation and reduction usually take place together.

Oxidation occurs when there is a gain of oxygen, loss of hydrogen and loss of electrons.

Reduction occurs when there is a loss of oxygen, gain of hydrogen and gain of electrons.

Oxidation state increases when oxidation occurs.

Oxidation state decreases when reduction occurs.

Oxidising and Reducing agent

Oxidising agent is a chemical substance, which causes another substance to be oxidised while itself is being reduced.
Reducing agent is a chemical substance, which causes another substance to be reduced while itself is being oxidised.